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Dakar Least Developed Countries Group Ministerial Declaration on Climate Change 2022

Date: 14 September 2022
  1. We, the Ministers and Heads of Delegation of the Least Developed Countries (LDC), as Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement, having met in Dakar, Senegal on 14th of September 2022, in preparation for the 27th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in November 2022 (COP27):
  2. Affirm that the global response to climate change must be ambitious, fair and equitable, to advance the interests and aspirations of poor and vulnerable countries and peoples;
  3. Note, with serious concern, the findings of the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of Working Group II that human-induced climate change has caused loss and damage to nature and people, including some losses that are irreversible; that some limits to adaptation have already been reached; and that near-term actions that limit global warming to 1.5°C would substantially reduce projected losses and damages, but cannot eliminate them all;
  4. Recognize the findings of the IPCC AR6 of Working Group III, and in particular the finding that limiting warming to 1.5°C is possible, requiring global greenhouse gas emissions to peak before 2025, be reduced by 43% by 2030 relative to 2019 levels, and reach net zero around 2050;
  5. Recognize the importance of operationalising a ‘work programme to urgently scale up mitigation ambition and implementation in this critical decade’ in Sharm El-Sheikh this year, with a clear roadmap to close the 2030 ambition gap and keep the 1.5°C goal within reach;
  6. Call upon all Parties, in particular major emitters, to urgently and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and to submit new or updated nationally determined contributions with strengthened 2030 targets by the end of 2022 that are  in line with emissions pathways for limiting warming to 1.5°C, consistent with the Glasgow Climate Pact;
  7. Recognise the importance of the global goal on adaptation (GGA) for effective implementation of the Paris Agreement and call for a concrete milestone outcome at COP27 on the GGA to inform the Global Stocktake (GST);
  8. Emphasize the critical importance of establishing a finance facility for addressing loss and damage, and stress that the Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) must remain under dual governance of the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement;
  9. Request developed country Parties to deliver on their commitment to at least double adaptation finance by 2025, through public, grant based finance, and provide a delivery plan in Sharm El-Sheikh this year;
  10. Call upon developed countries to urgently scale up climate finance to make up for the shortfall caused by failure to deliver US $100 billion a year by 2020 and through 2025;
  11. Stress that the New Collective Quantified Goal on Climate Finance should be based on science and address  the needs of developing countries to implement their adaptation and mitigation actions, and address loss and damage, including on technology transfer and capacity building;
  12. Stress that the LDCs continue to experience unique challenges, complexities and delays in accessing climate finance, and further call upon the GCF, GEF and other entities to support LDCs in the preparation of NAPs and in implementing adaptation actions identified in their NAPs and NDCs;
  13. Stress the importance of the Global Stocktake to assess the collective progress under the Paris Agreement, including on mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage and means of implementation and support, and to send a strong signal to Parties to ratchet up ambition and support;
  14. Welcome the extension of the mandate of the LDC Expert Group (LEG) to 2031 and call upon the LEG to strengthen its support to LDCs to develop and implement National Adaptation Plans, while also appreciating current efforts to support LDCs in developing bankable projects and advancing adaptation actions;
  15. Recognize the specific needs and special circumstances of LDCs, stress the importance of the need to operationalize the capacity building program of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, and call upon the UNFCCC Secretariat to address the capacity needs of LDCs through the capacity development program;
  16. Recognize that among the key sectors that have greater potential for removal and reservoirs of greenhouse gases, as well as building resilience to climate change, Agriculture and Forest sectors, which are already featured in most of the LDC’s NDC’s, need more focused and dedicated support; 
  17. Request financial support for the implementation for the Gender Action Plan and to support the Gender and Climate Change Focal Points in implementing their roles;
  18. Commit to advance the LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative for Sustainable Development (REEEI), the LDC Initiative for Effective Adaptation and Resilience (LIFE-AR), and the LDC Universities Consortium on Climate Change (LUCCC), call for scaled up support from the international community to accelerate the implementation of these initiatives, and express appreciation to partners who have already committed their support towards LIFE-AR and LUCCC;
  19. Reaffirm the value of preparing long-term low greenhouse gas emissions development strategies (LTS) and urge development partners to support LDCs in the formulation and implementation of their LTS;
  20. Welcome the progress made towards preparations to establish the LDC Secretariat;
  21. Appreciate the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for offering to host the preparatory meeting pre-COP of COP27;
  22. Express appreciation and gratitude to the host country, Senegal, for their hospitality and facilitation of this important ministerial meeting.

14 September 2022 Dakar, Senegal

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