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Least Developed Countries Set Expectations Ahead of Key Climate Negotiations

Date: 30 May 2024

Government representatives gather in Bonn, Germany, for the next two weeks for technical negotiations in the lead up to COP29 in Azerbaijan later this year. Billed as a climate finance COP, the negotiations this year are expected to deliver a new climate finance goal, and many countries could use the opportunity to announce new climate targets through  Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which are due in early 2025.

The Chair of the Least Developed Countries, Evans Njewa from Malawi, commented:

“With the impacts of climate change intensifying yearly, we, the Least Developed Countries Group, cannot stress enough the need for scaled-up, predictable, adequate, and accessible finance for us to pursue emissions reductions, adapt to climate change and deal with loss and damage associated with the impacts.

“This year, we are being tasked with negotiating a new goal for climate finance, recognising that the last 100 billion dollar commitment was far from enough to meet our needs. The group expects the new climate finance goal to match the needs of our countries, be based on science, with public grant-based money as the primary source, particularly for the least developed countries.

“This year we will also see countries begin to come forward with new national commitments for addressing climate change. This next round of NDCs is a critical moment to not only set the course to 2035, but increase collective action before 2030. With the hottest year ever recorded just in the past year, and signs that 2024 may be warmer still, the urgency is clear. The moment must be met with commitments of deep emissions cuts aligned with countries’ fair share of the global effort needed to limit warming to 1.5°C. This is a survival limit for us in the least developed countries. And while countries submit new targets, we of course also need to see full implementation of existing commitments.

“We desire to adopt outcomes that would create jobs, enhance food security, eradicate poverty, and contribute to economic development and the achievement of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Adequate and accessible climate finance is not just a matter of responsibility; it is a matter of survival for the people in our countries.”


For further information, please contact:

LDC Group Press Office: Mathews Malata: +265 (0) 999 64 61 14 | Yohane Chideya: +265 (0) 884 02 12 07. Email: media@ldc-climate.org Website: https://www.ldc-climate.org X: https://x.com/LDCChairUNFCCC 

Notes to the editor:

The 60th sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies (SB60) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will convene in Bonn from June 3rd to 13th, 2024.

The Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group  is made up of 45 countries across Africa, the Asia-Pacific and the Caribbean, with a joint population of over one billion people. Incredibly vulnerable to environmental and economic shocks, and disproportionately affected by the climate crisis, these countries negotiate together as a bloc at UN climate talks to advance their shared interest in a fair and ambitious global response to climate change.   

LDCs are cumulatively responsible for only 3.3% of global greenhouse gas emissions, comprise more than 50% of the world’s extremely poor and just 1.3% of the world economy. 

Evans Njewa is the current Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group, and the Head of Climate Change and Alternate UNFCCC Focal Point for the Government of Malawi.

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