Becoming a UNFCCC Delegate: What you need to know
Date : 05 November 2023

Attending UN climate negotiations for the first time is daunting, especially if it is a Conference of the Parties (COP) session. With so many meetings happening in parallel and using unfamiliar jargon and acronyms, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process is notoriously complex. This toolkit will help new delegates, in particular from the Least Developed Countries, navigate the session. It focuses on the process, rather than the content of negotiations, and offers some practical tips for getting through the days (and nights).

Championing continuity for graduating LDCs: ensuring a smooth transition for climate adaptation
Date : 04 November 2023

Graduating from least developed country (LDC) status represents a highly symbolic and positive step in a country’s journey towards greater socioeconomic prosperity. However, the resulting fall in international support and loss of LDC benefits also threatens to upend their climate adaptation plans — which are vital for those countries increasingly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The trajectories of countries like Angola and Bhutan, which are set to graduate in the next two years, offer an insight into the complex challenges caused by the loss of LDC benefits. This case study outlines the opportunities and risks faced by graduating LDCs and offers solutions for ensuring a smooth transition in their climate adaptation efforts.

Regaining momentum: critical negotiations for LDCs at COP28
Date : 02 November 2023

This briefing presents priorities for the least developed countries (LDCs) for COP28 at a critical time. The year has seen record temperatures and stark Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warnings of the risks and consequences of further temperature rises, especially for vulnerable communities. Four LDC concerns can reinvigorate progress towards the Paris Agreement goals: an ambitious conclusion to the Global Stocktake; adoption of a framework for the Global Goal on Adaptation; operationalisation and swift capitalisation of the Loss and Damage Fund; and rebuilding trust on climate finance to enable headway towards the new collective quantified goal. Negotiators must build on recent political momentum and respond with greater urgency to address climate change effectively and protect the most vulnerable. This briefing will be of particular interest to UNFCCC and LDC Group negotiators, the COP28 presidency and other COP participants.

Long term strategies: low carbon growth, resilience and prosperity for Least Developed Countries
Date : 22 July 2022

This paper addresses some of the challenges LDCs face in preparing and implementing LTSs, including limited data availability to support economic and socio-economic modelling, human and financial resource constraints and limited institutional capacities. It considers key building blocks of an LTS and identifies the key sectors to be addressed through an LTS, which for most LDCs include the energy sector, the agricultural sector and the land sector. It then highlights some of the important co-benefits that can be derived from LDC preparation and implementation, and outlines some of the resources and support available for preparation and implementation of LTS.

Analysis of options for determining OMGE, SOP and Transition within Article 6
Date : 28 May 2021

Rules for the implementation of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement are still under negotiation at the international level. This report explores three key unresolved issues that are closely interrelated and that can considerably impact the global emissions outcome from using Article 6 as well as the amount of revenues generated to help meet the adaptation needs of particularly vulnerable developing countries. The report explores the potential quantitative implications of different policy choices on these matters, both in isolation and in combination with each other, with the aim to support decision-making in the context of the ongoing international climate change negotiations.