Long term strategies: low carbon growth, resilience and prosperity for Least Developed Countries
Date : 22 July 2022

This paper addresses some of the challenges LDCs face in preparing and implementing LTSs, including limited data availability to support economic and socio-economic modelling, human and financial resource constraints and limited institutional capacities. It considers key building blocks of an LTS and identifies the key sectors to be addressed through an LTS, which for most LDCs include the energy sector, the agricultural sector and the land sector. It then highlights some of the important co-benefits that can be derived from LDC preparation and implementation, and outlines some of the resources and support available for preparation and implementation of LTS.

Analysis of options for determining OMGE, SOP and Transition within Article 6
Date : 28 May 2021

Rules for the implementation of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement are still under negotiation at the international level. This report explores three key unresolved issues that are closely interrelated and that can considerably impact the global emissions outcome from using Article 6 as well as the amount of revenues generated to help meet the adaptation needs of particularly vulnerable developing countries. The report explores the potential quantitative implications of different policy choices on these matters, both in isolation and in combination with each other, with the aim to support decision-making in the context of the ongoing international climate change negotiations.

A guide to transparency under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement
Date : 01 December 2017

In the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process, all countries have obligations to report on their actions to address climate change and its impacts and to take part in review processes that consider the information Parties provide. The Paris Agreement establishes an enhanced transparency framework that will build on this system of reporting and review. Least Developed Country (LDC) Parties alongside all other Parties will have new reporting obligations to consider under the enhanced transparency framework which will have a more comprehensive approach to transparency around climate action and support to enable those actions. This guide provides practical information to help prepare various reports and communications under the UNFCCC as well as take part in the relevant review processes. It also provides a glimpse into the on going negotiations to develop the enhanced transparency framework under the Paris Agreement and some of the implications for those preparing reports and communications for their countries.

National Adaptation Plans: Understanding mandates and sharing experiences
Date : 01 January 2017

The impacts of climate change increasingly threaten communities around the world, particularly in Least Developed Countries (LDCs). National adaptation plans (NAPs) allow developing countries to identify their adaptation needs; develop and implement strategies and programmes to address those needs; and enable actions to protect vulnerable communities. But developing a NAP is not always straightforward. This paper considers the benefits and challenges of implementing a national mandate to provide the impetus to develop a NAP, assign responsibilities and encourage cross-sectoral participation, exploring the legal forms such a mandate could take and sharing experiences from LDCs undergoing the NAP process.

Becoming a UNFCCC Delegate: What you need to know
Date : 01 October 2016

Attending UN climate negotiations for the first time is daunting, especially if it is a Conference of the Parties (COP) session. With so many meetings happening in parallel and using unfamiliar jargon and acronyms, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process is notoriously complex. This toolkit will help new delegates, in particular from the Least Developed Countries, navigate the session. It focuses on the process, rather than the content of negotiations, and offers some practical tips for getting through the days (and nights).